What are the types of heart disease and the costs of its treatment?


We are going to tackle the high incidence diseases in India and try to break down the costs of diagnostic testing, one-time medical or surgical intervention, long-term care and treatment for each of them. We start with heart or cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular illnesses

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of conditions and disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels (arteries and veins). In 2019, cardiovascular disease killed 17.9 million people worldwide, or 32% of global deaths. In India, according to the Global Burden of Disease, 24.8% of all deaths are due to cardiovascular disease, which is 272 per lakh of population.

Types of heart disease

Although there are different types of diseases and conditions that affect the heart, the most prevalent in India are coronary artery disease (or coronary artery disease or ischemic heart disease), cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, and disease. hypertensive heart disease. “While coronary artery disease affects the wealthy, rheumatic disease affects the low-income segment in India. Coronary artery disease used to affect people over the age of 40, but now even the youngest suffer from it, ”says Dr Vinay Kumar Bahl, Senior Director of Max Hospital and Former Dean and Head of Cardiology, AIIMS, Delhi.

How much you spend

The expenses begin with the visit to the doctor, move on to the diagnosis where you pay for a multitude of tests, and finally the treatment according to its evolution and its duration. If the disease can be treated with medication, you incur a relatively low cost, but it can last a lifetime.

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With severe damage, you may need surgery, in which the cost of the procedure, equipment, and hospitalization can reach hundreds of thousands of dollars. The cost can be reduced if you undergo treatment in a public hospital or have adequate insurance, but can be high if you choose a private hospital. Drugs will cost less if you buy generic drugs as opposed to brand name patent drugs. We will only consider the cost of procedures at a private hospital in Delhi, and do not include the cost of hospitalization.