Influenza infections, especially effective in winter and spring, trigger heart attacks and other heart diseases as well as pneumonia and lung infections. Professor Hamza Duygu, head of the department of cardiology at the Near East University Hospital, made the recommendations, noting that there are precautions people with known heart disease can take to protect themselves from infections.
Influenza infections, which are more common in cold weather and progress faster than healthy people, can cause lower respiratory tract infections and pneumonia, especially in people with chronic heart disease, due to resistance lower body. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu says people with cardiovascular disease, heart failure, arrhythmia and hypertension are more affected by infections and hospitalization may be required in some cases.
Loss of fluid and high fever caused by an infection can cause a heart attack.
“It is a known fact that there is a relationship between infections and cardiovascular disease. With influenza infections, the immune system is activated in the body and an inflammatory reaction called inflammation occurs. As a result of this reaction, vascular occlusion may occur as a result of the disintegration of previously formed plaques in the heart vessels and the formation of clots on them, and this process may progress to a heart attack in the person. Dr. Hamza Duygu states that fluid loss in the body and fever during infections increases the workload of the heart by speeding up the heart rate.
Untreated heart and heart muscle inflammation Cause of sudden cardiac arrest
Certain bacterial infections, mostly seen in viral infections, can cause a reaction in the pericardium and heart muscle, causing inflammation of the pericardium and/or heart muscle. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu, if symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, fainting, dizziness and palpitations in people who have recently had a flu infection, and if symptoms such as shortness of breath, swelling in the legs and abdomen develop together with influenza infection in people who have previously had heart disease, it is absolutely necessary to consult a specialist. He says he should be checked by a cardiologist. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu said, “Pericardium-cardiac muscle inflammation is a clinical condition that requires initiation of treatment within a short period of time and, in some cases, hospitalization. If left untreated, it can progress to arrhythmias, heart failure, and sudden cardiac arrest.
Influenza infections and drug use
Some antipyretic and analgesic drugs used in infections can raise blood pressure causing water and salt retention in the body, and can cause heart failure attacks in people who have had heart disease before. Again, antibiotics used to treat infections can cause bleeding by interacting with heart medications, especially blood thinners (such as Coumadin).
People with heart disease should definitely consult a cardiologist before using medications for cases such as influenza infections, upper and lower respiratory tract infections, and pneumonia. teacher. Dr. In his statements on the subject, Hamza Duygu said, “In addition to drugs used to reduce upper respiratory edema, commonly used drugs such as nasal drops can make the heart race faster and cause fits of palpitations. For this reason, it is essential that patients with pre-existing tachycardia or cardiac arrhythmias consult their cardiologist before using these drugs.
Heart Health Precautions
Making recommendations to protect people with heart disease from infections, Professor Dr. Hamza Duygu lists measures that can be taken as follows;
- Watch out for infections in winter, pay attention to hygiene, avoid crowded environments and close contact with infected people.
- Eat plenty of vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables
- Rooms are ventilated frequently.
- Pay attention to fluid intake
- Get vaccinated against flu and pneumonia