The main causes of heart disease Obesity, hypertension and smoking

The main causes of heart disease Obesity, hypertension and smoking

Professor Hamza Duygu, head of the department of cardiology at the Near East University Hospital, made recommendations to protect heart health and pointed out that obesity, hypertension and smoking are the most important risk factors. important for cardiovascular disease.

Heart disease is one of the most common health problems today due to multiple factors. The World Health Organization explains that the incidence of cardiovascular disease can be halved by controlling blood pressure, obesity, cholesterol and smoking. In this sense, Hamza Duygu says that preventive medicine plays a very important role in reducing deaths from cardiovascular diseases. Stating that family medicine has a very important function in identifying people at high risk of cardiovascular occlusion and in preventing early or recurring cardiovascular occlusion problems in these people, Professor Dr Emotion says that diseases cardiovascular disease depends on more than one factor. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu said: “Today there are risk factors which are known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and which are considered effective in all societies. The importance of not smoking, eating healthy, avoiding excess weight, exercising regularly at least half an hour a day and five days a week, having a normal carbohydrate metabolism and avoiding excessive stress is known to protect cardiovascular health.

Risk factors

Affirming that age, sex, non-modifiable genetic and ethnic factors are among the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, Professor Hamza Duygu specifies that smoking, poor eating habits, excessive alcoholism, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia blood pressure and blood sugar are risk factors that can be corrected. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu continued his remarks as follows: “Especially correctable risk factors form the basis of cardiovascular disease prevention strategies. Obesity, hypertension and smoking, which are the three main risk factors, should be the main target in the fight against cardiovascular disease.

Giving suggestions for a healthy heart, Professor Dr Hamza Duygu said people should stay away from cigarette smoke first. Stating that smoking narrows the heart vessels and destroys the useful thin covering that covers them, Professor Hamza Duygu said that cigarette smoke also facilitates blood clotting. teacher. Dr Duygu said: ‘So it triggers atherosclerosis and causes heart attacks, strokes and blockages in the veins of the legs. Passive smoking, like active smoking, is extremely harmful to cardiovascular health.

Watch out for blood pressure

Stating that attention should be paid to blood pressure, Professor Hamza Duygu said that the fight against hypertension, which is called the silent killer, lifestyle changes and regular use of blood pressure medication are of vital importance for the prevention of heart attacks, aortic rupture, cerebral hemorrhage and enlarged aorta. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu continued his remarks as follows: “Blood sugar should be kept within the normal range. Diabetes is now considered the equivalent of cardiovascular disease. If you have diabetes, it is important to be thorough before starting proper treatment as well as diet and weight control. Feel free to use medication when your doctor deems it necessary in addition to diet and exercise to help control high cholesterol.

Mediterranean cuisine should be embraced

Stating that people should adopt Mediterranean cuisine as a diet, Professor Hamza Duygu said that eating habits rich in vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains and nuts, olive oil is used as essential oil, fish meat is preferred over red meat, meat is not prohibited, and there are no ready-made and packaged foods that are important for heart health. teacher. Dr. Duygu: “Exercise, which protects our health by affecting many risk factors that contribute to cardiovascular disease, does not necessarily take place in the gym. Even walking for 30 to 45 minutes each day contributes to vascular health. Let’s stay away from elevators and escalators,” he said.

Teeth should be brushed at least twice a day

Stating that inflammation of the gums causes low-grade inflammation of the walls of the vessels, Professor Hamza Duygu said that this situation can cause a clot to form on the plaque which causes arteriosclerosis, resulting in occlusion of the vessel , and that it is necessary to brush your teeth at least twice a day to prevent a heart attack. teacher. Dr Hamza Duygu said: “Those who sleep less or have irregular sleep have a heart attack more easily. Especially if there is sleep apnea, it triggers various risk factors ranging from high blood pressure to diabetes. It is extremely beneficial to remove barriers to restful sleep and to go to bed at the same time each night and sleep for 7-8 hours. Overweight and obesity are the main causes of many factors that lead to cardiovascular disease. Keep body mass index below 25 by eating a balanced diet and exercising.

Teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu: “Excess salt is one of the main causes of high blood pressure.”
Stating that there are many scientific studies showing that being full of pessimism, skepticism and hostility tires the heart, ages the blood vessels and shortens the life, Professor Hamza Duygu said that it is beneficial to see the glass half full, not half empty. teacher. Dr Duygu said: “Excess salt is one of the main reasons that trigger high blood pressure. The largest source of excessive salt intake is convenience foods and restaurant meals, especially fast food. Let’s keep the salt shaker away from the table. Too much alcohol harms the heart as well as the digestive system. It can cause severe palpitations, weakening of heart contraction. Let’s be careful not to drink more than one or two drinks,” he said.

Avoid stress, do not use uncontrolled medications

Claiming that stress affects all parts of our body, it is also harmful to cardiovascular health. Dr. Hamza Duygu said that the stress management method should be learned by avoiding stressful situations as much as possible. Claiming that when you sit for hours in front of the television or the hours spent in front of the computer increase, cardiovascular diseases also increase. Dr. Hamza Duygu said over-the-counter drugs also harm the heart. teacher. Dr. Hamza Duygu continued his remarks as follows: “It is understood that some of the support pills, which are not even considered medicines, strain the heart, they can disturb blood clotting. Don’t buy drugs randomly, even over-the-counter drugs.”