Study shows heart disease on the rise among BPL families

Is coronary heart disease on the increase among families living below the poverty line (BPL) in Karnataka? A study by researchers at the University of Mysore indicates that illnesses are indeed on the increase and the worrying trend needs to be studied in detail, finding out the reasons for the increase and helping families prevent them.

The study was carried out by the Center for Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy (CSSEIP) based on 10-year data from Karnataka Suvarna Suraksha Arogya Trust (R), Bengaluru.

Between 2010 and 2020, approximately 1,25,574 people belonging to BPL families were treated for various heart conditions, including approximately 1,12,018 for coronary heart disease. Myocardial infarction and valvotomy were the second and third common heart problems experienced by BPL families, according to data from the Suraksha Arogya Trust. The treatment was available through the government program.

DC Nanjunda, Associate Professor, CSSEIP, and his team conducted the study with support from Dr Amith Kumar Mishra of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Chhattisgarh, and Dr KC Srivatsa, Mysuru-based physician, in 2020-21.

“We had to interpret and compile government data as needed to find out how many of them had heart problems. The study showed that 53% of men and 37% of women suffered from coronary heart disease. Urban Bengaluru showed the highest cases of coronary heart disease in the district category, while Kalaburagi taluk had the highest cases of coronary heart disease in the taluk category, ”Mr. Nanjunda said.

The study showed no significant variation between men and women on the occurrence of cardiac arrest, as 47% of women and 53% of men experienced cardiac arrest during the period. Data showed that Kalaburagi had the highest cases of cardiac arrest, based on the treatment used.

“Socio-economic status, health exclusion, health inequalities, eating habits and poverty-related stress have been commonly observed in most BPL families and could be attributed to the increase heart disease. Patients in rural areas with low socioeconomic status face more barriers to cardiac care than their urban counterparts, ”said Mr. Nanjunda.

The research team is also studying the occurrence of other high-risk diseases among BPL families and is expected to publish a full report by June of next year. “We did a study on heart disease and are now studying cancer, kidney disease, neurological disorders and birth defects. The results will be compiled and submitted to the government next year after publication in a newspaper, for early intervention, ”he said. The Hindu.

The study aims to shed light on why diseases are increasing among BPL families and contributing factors so that the government can help them take preventative measures, improving their health standards, he added.

The study was coordinated by Ramachandra Murthy, Prema Kumar, Lancy D’Souza, VG Siddarajau, Ramesh Ranagappa and HS Yogesh.