On World Heart Day 2019, we take a look at some of these weird heart conditions with even weirder names.
Say the words heart disease, and the room suddenly goes silent. Except, of course, if heart disease has such a strange name that most people wonder “what is it?” Today, on World Heart Day 2019, we take a look at some of these weird heart conditions with even weirder names.
Cardiac Syndrome X
Soon after angiograms became widely available in the 1960s, clinicians noticed something they had never seen before. Some patients have had chest pain (angina) but no damage or blockage to the coronary artery. While they were trying to figure out the reason for this type of angina, they named it X Heart Syndrome. The name stuck.
Heart syndrome X is a type of microvascular coronary artery disease characterized by damage to the small arteries that line the lining of the heart. These tiny blood vessels are projections of the larger coronary artery – when blocked or damaged, the heart does not receive enough blood and oxygen. This drop in blood flow is what causes the heart muscles to spasm, resulting in angina pectoris.
A rare genetic disorder that affects several parts of the body, CHARGE is an abbreviation of
- VSoloboma – a hole in part of the eyes like the iris or retina
- Hearth faults
- Atresia choanae – blockage of the nasal passage due to a bone or tissue growth
- ggrowth retardation – genital abnormalities
- Ear anomalies
Children born with CHARGE syndrome usually have other symptoms such as a cleft palate and poor motor and cognitive skills.
Kidney problems, a weak immune system, and disfigured limbs and spine are some of the less common symptoms associated with this disease.
No, the animal has nothing to do with this disease. Okay, maybe that’s a bit. People with LEOPARD syndrome have brown spots on their skin, just like a leopard. Since this is a syndrome, patients may experience a cluster of symptoms that occur at the same time. The word LEOPARD means
- THEentigins – dark spots on the skin
- EEKG conduction defects – abnormal nerve conduction in the heart
- Oocular hypertelorism – large space between the eyes
- Pulmonary stenosis – obstruction of blood flow to the right ventricle, the part of the heart that sends blood to the lungs for oxygenation
- Aabnormal genitals
- Rstunted growth, which leads to stunted growth
The heart defects associated with this condition become apparent in infancy or infancy. The abnormal nerve conduction creates a mismatch between the functioning of the upper and lower chambers of the heart. So while the upper chambers are functioning well, the lower chambers are falling behind. The condition may or may not show symptoms, depending on where the shift in signaling occurs.
Broken heart syndrome
Although the name sounds like it came from a romantic novel, broken heart syndrome occurs when the left ventricle – the heart chamber that pushes blood to the body – becomes too weak and distorted to function well.
So where does the name come from?
Since people usually develop this condition after experiencing excessive emotional stress – it could be due to the death of a loved one or the shock of receiving amazingly good news, like suddenly winning a big lottery.
Symptoms of broken heart syndrome include chest pain and shortness of breath. Although the disease can be managed with prompt treatment, it can be life threatening at this time.
It is not uncommon for diseases to be named after the scientists who discover them. The downside: These names don’t tell us anything about the disease or even what part of the body it affects.
Enter, Kounis Syndrome.
This is the sudden onset of chest pain or a heart attack triggered by an allergy to a drug, food, or insect bite.
It is named after Professor Nicholas Kounis, a Greek cardiologist, who demonstrated the effect of hypersensitivity (allergic reaction) in the heart arteries: when the immune system comes into contact with an allergen, it triggers an inflammatory response that causes spasms in the heart muscles. These spasms are manifested by chest pain (angina pectoris). If a person already has weak heart muscles or plaque deposits in their arteries, the spasms can lead to a heart attack.
Cardiomyopathy Cataract Hip Spine
It is not a typo.
An extremely rare genetic disorder, cataract cardiomyopathy of the hip spine is caused by a combination of damage to the heart muscle, premature cataracts and degeneration of the hip bones and spine. Of these, cataracts are usually the first symptom to appear.
The health articles in Firstpost are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and largest resource for verified health information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health. For more information, please read our article on Heart disease.