PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that plagues the 25 to 30 age group.
In India, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder and for every five women in India, one is diagnosed with PCOS, according to a report published by Metropolis Healthcare.
What happens in PCOS?
It is a condition caused by menstruation in which endocrine problems cause the ovaries to produce excess androgens, making the eggs susceptible to becoming cysts. These cysts begin to accumulate in the ovaries themselves and cause problems.
However, the exact cause of PCOS is still unknown, experts suggest it could be correlated to lifestyle and diet choices.
Symptoms of PCOS include irregular periods, very light periods, excessive pain, and brain fog-like symptoms during periods. However, to believe that it is just a period problem would be unfair because it is much more widespread and does not occur only a few days a month.
Long-term complications of PCOS
Other risks aside from period-related issues include:
1. Heart disease
Becoming overweight or developing insulin-resistant diabetes or high blood pressure are real risks. These problems are associated with cardiovascular disease. This indicates that menstruating women with PCOS are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and endometrial cancer.
An endocrine and reproductive disorder, PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. It is the main cause of hyperandrogenism and oligo-anovulation in childbearing age which is associated with infertility problems.
They are also at greater risk of giving birth prematurely or having a miscarriage.
According to National Center for Biotechnology Informationthe prevalence of infertility in women with PCOS varies between 70% and 80%.
3. Body Image Distress
Some symptoms of PCOS include weight gain, excess hair, acne, dark or thick patches of skin on the back of the neck, under the armpits and under the breasts, etc. physical appearance that results in body image distress.
Body image distress is a condition in which a person’s mental image or attitude towards their body causes suffering and interferes with their daily life.
4. Mental health disorders
The conditions mentioned above, including body image issues, infertility, and risk of heart disease, can put a mental strain on the mind and often lead to mental health issues. There is an increased risk of being diagnosed with depression, anxiety, eating disorder, bipolar disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder in menstruating women who suffer from PCOS.
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5. Sleep apnea
PCOS can also cause sleep apnea. It is a sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts again. According ScienceDirectthe risk of sleep apnea is five to 10 times higher in women who have both obesity and PCOS than in those who do not.
PCOS is a serious condition that cannot be cured, but symptoms can be managed with proper treatment, often including medication.
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