Men with depression more likely to have heart disease than women: Lancet study

Men with depression are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than women, a global study that included people not only from high-income but also low- and middle-income countries revealed on Friday. The study also showed that diet is more strongly associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease in women than in men.

Interestingly, the study also pointed out that there is a similar association of other risk factors with cardiovascular disease in women and men and it highlights that a similar strategy may be important for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in men and women.

When carrying out the study, the scientists assessed risk factors, including metabolic (such as high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes), behavioral (smoking and diet) and psychosocial (economic status and depression) in approximately 1,56,000 people with no history of CVD between the ages of 35 and 70.

The scientists followed the lives of people living in 21 low-, middle- and high-income countries on five continents and they were followed for an average of 10 years. The results of the study were published Friday in the journal The Lancet.

“Women and men have similar CVD risk factors, highlighting the importance of a similar strategy for CVD prevention in men and women,” said the paper’s lead author, Marjan Walli-Attaei, a researcher at McMaster University’s Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) and Hamilton Health Sciences (HHS).

The study also found that, overall, women had a lower risk of developing CVD than men, especially at a younger age.

However, diet was more strongly associated with CVD risk in women than in men – “something that hasn’t been described before and requires independent confirmation,” said lead researcher Salim Yusuf. study, lead author, executive director of PHRI, professor of medicine at McMaster and cardiologist at HHS.

Meanwhile, high levels of bad cholesterol and symptoms of depression were more strongly associated with CVD risk in men than in women. Patterns of these outcomes were generally similar in high-income and upper-middle-income countries, and in low- and lower-middle-income countries.

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