India needs its own big data to detect heart disease in advance: The Tribune India


Hyderabad, December 5

India needs to have its own heart disease data to merge it with the latest technological tools, which will ultimately help identify people at risk of developing heart disease in the future, prominent cardiologists have said.

The Cardiological Society of India (CSI), the supreme body of cardiologists, is trying to collect more data on all the heart disease prevalent in India, ITUC President PP Mohanan told IANS.

The integration of artificial intelligence (AL) and machine learning (ML) to detect heart disease well in advance was one of the main topics discussed at the 73rd annual conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI) which has just ended.

The four-day event attended by 1,000 cardiologists, scientists, engineers and healthcare professionals deliberated on modern advances in cardiac care.

“We need to have big data. CSI has launched efforts in this direction. It won’t happen in a year or two because it is an ongoing process. We need to accumulate big data and then take it step by step. come on, this will all help us formulate (a method) and identify people who may potentially develop heart disease in the future. It won’t happen tomorrow or the day after, it will take time, “he said.

The CSI, together with scientists and engineers, will work on the development of “deep neural networks”; and achieve the goal of accurately predicting heart risk in advance by 2030. He wants to work with the government to achieve this goal effectively.

However, Mohanan clarified that this is CSI’s vision.

“People are trying to involve artificial intelligence and machine learning in predicting heart disease. We still have a long way to go, but the process is underway,” he said.

Mohanan believes the technological tools will only increase the cardiologist’s abilities.

“Basically, it’s the clinician, the cardiologist who is going to do all of these things. He gets increased knowledge of artificial intelligence or machine learning. Nothing takes away from him his own clinical importance or his clinical integrity,” he said. he declared.

Mohanan said that there is no magic formula in the world that indicates that a person will develop heart disease.

“Nothing happened, but people are working in a number of ways. Your genetic history, your risk factor profile, etc. will help in the prediction,” he noted.

The conference, attended by AI and machine learning specialists, discussed how cardiologists can merge new knowledge about digitalization.

“We’re going to take whatever is going on and try to translate exponential information into better cardiac care for patients,” said the cardiologist.

In the face of growing concern over the increasing number of young people developing heart problems, the CSI is focusing on preventive cardiology.

Mohanan pointed out that the average age of developing a heart attack in India is 10 years before anyone else in the world.

“South Asians have a predilection for developing heart attacks 10 years earlier. Fifteen years ago, the percentage of people under 40 or under 45 developing heart attacks was low, perhaps. be 5 to 7 percent, but now some of the data that has come in is alarming. Recent data from Bangalore indicates that about 25% of patients are under 40, “Mohanan said.

He attributed this trend to the amount of stress experienced by the younger generation, lack of physical activity and air pollution.

“Nobody walks. Sitting is the new tobacco. Air pollution is intensifying, causing substantial damage to your arteries, causing you to have high blood pressure, heart disease, etc. New factors are on the way. “Anvil. We have to be absolutely careful because of all of these factors,” he said.

Thirty percent of deaths worldwide are due to cardiovascular disease.

“Unfortunately, in India the rate is higher. We assume it can be as high as 35% or even 38%. Heart disease is the number one killer in the world. Eighteen million people die from heart disease each year. he said.

Mohanan pointed out that 80% of heart disease is preventable if people understand it better. CSI tries to focus on awareness.

“People in India mostly live in rural areas. What we do is focus on raising awareness through various media platforms so people know how to prevent heart attacks, complications from diabetes or high blood pressure and how to prevent obesity. Prevention is the best solution, “said ITUC President-elect PS Banerjee.

Insisting on the preventive aspect of cardiology, the cardiologist said that once the disease has developed and there is a complication of the disease, the cost of treatment will be high. Prevention is all the more important given the low insurance coverage in the country of 135 million inhabitants.

Banerjee believes that it will take a few more years to popularize the use of AI apps for daily monitoring of pulse, blood sugar, blood pressure, ECG, etc.

“It costs a fair amount of money. The poor can’t afford it. Instead, what we’re doing is helping them understand how they should know that there is a problem going on in their life. system and they should immediately contact their family doctor, ”Banerjee said.

As part of the CSI’s outreach efforts, small groups of young doctors will visit remote areas and with the help of local authorities, organize seminars where they will demonstrate CPR and educate people on modifying the way. life, the effects of yoga, exercise, diet, smoking, alcohol and tobacco.