India needs its own big data to detect heart disease in advance | Health lifestyle

Hyderabad: India needs to have its own heart disease data to merge it with the latest technological tools which will ultimately help identify people who are at risk of developing heart disease in the future, eminent cardiologists have said.

The Cardiological Society of India (CSI), the apex body of cardiologists, is trying to collect more data on all prevalent heart diseases in India, CSI President PP Mohanan told IANS.

Integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) to detect heart disease well in advance was one of the key topics discussed at the 73rd Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI) which has just ended.

The four-day event attended by 1,000 cardiologists, scientists, engineers and healthcare professionals discussed modern advances in cardiac care.

“We need to have big data. CSI has started efforts in this direction. It won’t happen in a year or two, because it’s an ongoing process. We need to accumulate big data and then do it step by step. step. In the years to come, all of this will help us formulate (a method) and identify people who may develop heart disease in the future. It won’t happen tomorrow or the day after tomorrow, it will take time.” , did he declare.

The CSI, with scientists and engineers, will work on the development of “deep neural networks”; and achieving the goal of accurately predicting heart risks in advance by 2030. He is keen to work with the government to effectively achieve this goal.

However, Mohanan clarified that this is the vision of the CSI.

“People are trying to involve artificial intelligence and machine learning in predicting heart disease. We still have a long way to go, but the process is underway,” he said.

Mohanan believes that technological tools will only increase the capabilities of the cardiologist.

“Essentially, it’s the clinician, the cardiologist who’s going to do all of these things. He’s getting increased insights through artificial intelligence or machine learning. Nothing takes away from him his own clinical importance or his clinical integrity,” did he declare.

Mohanan said there is no magic formula in the world that says a person will develop heart disease.

“Nothing happened, but people work in many ways. Your genetic background, risk factor profile, etc. will help in the prediction,” he noted.

The conference, which saw the participation of AI and ML specialists, discussed how cardiologists can merge new knowledge on digitization.

“We are going to assimilate everything that is happening and try to benefit from exponential information for the benefit of better cardiac care for patients,” said the cardiologist.

Amid growing concern that more and more young people are developing heart problems, CSI is focusing on preventive cardiology.

Mohanan pointed out that the average age of developing a heart attack in India is 10 years earlier than anyone in the world.

“South Asians have a predilection for developing heart attacks 10 years earlier. Ten to fifteen years ago, the percentage of people under 40 or under 45 developing heart attacks was low, perhaps – be 5-7%, but now some of the data that has come in is alarming. Recent data from Bengaluru indicates that around 25% of patients are under 40 years old,” Mohanan said.

He attributed this trend to the amount of stress experienced by the younger generation, lack of physical activity and air pollution.

“No one is walking. Sitting is the new smoking. Air pollution is on the rise, causing major damage to your arteries, causing you high blood pressure, heart disease, etc. New factors are on the anvil. We have to be absolutely careful because of all these factors,” he said.

Thirty percent of deaths worldwide are due to cardiovascular disease.

“Unfortunately in India the rate is higher. We guess it could be 35% or even 38%. Heart disease is the number one cause of death globally. Eighteen million people die every year because of heart disease,” he added. he said.

Mohanan pointed out that 80% of heart disease is preventable if people understand better. The CSI tries to focus on raising awareness.

“Population of India mainly resides in rural areas. What we are doing is insisting on raising awareness through various media platforms so that people know how to prevent heart attacks, complications from diabetes or high blood pressure and how to prevent obesity Prevention is the best solution,” said CSI President-elect PS Banerjee.

Emphasizing the preventive aspect of cardiology, the cardiologist said that once the disease develops and there is a complication related to the disease, the cost of treatment will be high. Prevention is all the more important given the low insurance coverage in the country of 135 million people.

Banerjee thinks it will take a few more years to popularize the use of AI apps for daily monitoring of pulse, blood sugar, blood pressure, ECG, etc.

“It costs a lot of money. Poor people can’t afford it. Instead, what we’re doing is helping them understand how they need to know there’s a problem in their system and what’s going on. ‘they should contact their family doctor immediately,'” Banerjee said.

As part of CSI’s outreach efforts, small groups of young doctors will visit remote areas and, with the help of local authorities, hold seminars where they will demonstrate CPR and educate people on mode modification. of life, the effects of yoga, exercise, diet, smoking, alcohol and tobacco.