A type of heart disorder that affects the heart or blood vessels. Sometimes the term “heart disease” is also used as a similar name for coronary artery disease. The most common heart disease is coronary artery disease in which the coronary arteries narrow or become blocked, it can lead to chest pain, stroke, or heart attack. Unlike cardiovascular disease which affects any part of the circulatory system, heart disease affects only the heart. The risk of having heart disease can be increased by smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, poor diet, lack of exercise and obesity.

Several types of heart disease affect the heart in different ways:

Coronary artery disease

Also known as coronary heart disease, it develops when the arteries that supply the heart are blocked by plaque. This causes hardening and narrowing of the arteries. This results in decreased blood flow which can cause chest pain, a warning sign of possible heart problems such as a heart attack. Plaque contains cholesterol and other substances. As a result, the blood supply decreases and the heart receives less oxygen and fewer nutrients. It can also trap small blood clots, blocking the coronary artery entirely, which suddenly leads to a heart attack. When plaque builds up in the arteries, it is called atherosclerosis.

Congenital heart defects

A person with a congenital heart defect was born with a heart problem. This is a defect in the development of the heart as an organ that is usually first noticed at birth, although some are not detected until adulthood. There are many types of congenital heart defects and a few do not require treatment, but others may require surgical repair. The types of congenital heart defects are:

  • Abnormal heart valves: They may not open properly or leak blood.
  • Septal defects: There is a hole in the wall between the lower chambers of the upper chambers of the heart.
  • Atresia: In this one, one of the heart valves is missing.

Congenital heart defects put patients at a higher risk of developing arrhythmias, heart failure, heart valve infections, and other problems. Congenital heart disease can lead to major structural problems, such as the absence of ventricles and problems with the major arteries that leave the heart. Many congenital heart problems do not cause any noticeable symptoms and only become noticeable during a routine medical examination. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), heart murmurs often affect children, but only some are due to a defect.

Arrhythmia:

Arrhythmia refers to an irregular heartbeat, patients who suffer from it have abnormally fast heartbeats or slow heartbeats. Patients may feel irregular electrical impulses. They may also show symptoms of weakness, shortness of breath, and anxiety.

There are different types of arrhythmia

  • Tachycardia: It refers to a rapid heartbeat.
  • Bradycardia: It refers to a slow heartbeat.
  • Premature contractions: It refers to an early heartbeat.
  • Atrial fibrillation: It refers to a type of irregular heartbeat.

Arrhythmias can affect, slow down, or even stop the heart’s ability to pump blood. A person may want to have a pounding or a pounding heart. Brief changes in a heart are not cause for concern, but treatment will be necessary if they persist, as this can affect heart function. But, in some cases, arrhythmias can even be life threatening.

Dilated cardiomyopathy

In this, the heart chambers dilate, which means that the heart muscle stretches and thins. The most common cause of dilated cardiomyopathy is previous heart attacks, arrhythmias, and toxins. The heart weakens and cannot pump blood properly. This can lead to arrhythmia, blood clots in the heart, and heart failure.

Myocardial infarction

It is also known as a heart attack and involves an interruption in blood flow to the heart. This can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle. The most common cause of a heart attack is plaque, a blood clot, or both in a coronary artery. It can also happen if an artery suddenly narrows or contracts.

Heart failure

If a person has heart failure, their heart is still working, but not as well as it should. Congestive heart failure is a type of heart failure that results from untreated coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, arrhythmias, and other conditions. These conditions can affect the heart’s ability to pump properly.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

This condition usually develops when a genetic problem affects the heart muscle. It is usually an inherited disease. In this, the walls of the muscle thicken and the contraction becomes harder. It affects the heart’s ability to pump blood. In some cases, an obstruction can occur. There may be no symptoms to detect it, and many people go undiagnosed. However, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can worsen over time and lead to various heart problems. Anyone with a family history of this condition should seek screening, as treatment can help prevent any complications. It is the main cause of heart disease

Deaths in athletes and people under the age of 35, according to the AHA.

Beta blockers

Beta blockers are one of the most widely prescribed classes of drugs for treating hypertension and are the standard treatment for congestive heart failure. This is a class of drugs used to block the effects of stress hormones such as adrenaline on the heart. It slows down the heart rate, thereby decreasing the heart’s demand for oxygen. Long-term use of beta blockers helps manage chronic heart failure.

Beta blockers are used to treat:

  • Glaucoma
  • Anxiety
  • Certain types of tremors
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Migraines

Often prescribed for these heart conditions:

  • Arterial hypertension
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Angina
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure

Beta blockers cannot be prescribed to the person with asthma or COPD because they can worsen respiratory symptoms. If a person has heart failure and severe lung congestion, they will be treated first, then only a doctor can prescribe a beta blocker.

How a beta blocker works

Beta blockers are also called beta blockers. Different types of beta blockers job differently. Usually, these drugs improve the heart’s ability to relax. The heart rate will beat slower and with less force when beta blockers are working. It helps lower blood pressure and relieve irregular heart rhythms. Some beta blockers only work on the heart, while others affect the heart and blood vessels. Beta blockers can be prescribed even if you have few symptoms of heart problems or heart failure. These drugs improve the heart’s ability to beat.

Benefits of beta blockers

Beta blockers even have health benefits besides helping the heart. They protect the bones by preventing the kidneys from excreting calcium in the urine. These drugs block stress hormones that might otherwise cause bones to thin over time. Beta blockers are not the first line treatment for bone thinning or osteoporosis. Strong bones can be an added benefit of taking these medications.

Side effects of beta blockers

If a person has asthma and takes these beta blockers, it can trigger asthma attacks. Because beta blockers can affect blood sugar control, they are generally not recommended for people with diabetes. To get the specific medication for this, you can order your diabetes drugs online.

Side effects of beta blockers can vary from person to person. Many people experience:

  • Tired
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Digestive issues
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Cold hands

In rare cases, people may experience:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Decrease libido
  • Depression

If a person takes more than the recommended dose, they may experience:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Have vision changes
  • Dizziness
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Confusion

Beta blockers are often taken with meals, although they come with special instructions. If you take them with food, you may have fewer side effects because your body absorbs the medicine more slowly. Take your medicine as prescribed. Never stop taking a beta blocker without talking to your doctor first, even if you feel it is not working. If you stop taking it it may make angina pectoris worse and cause hearing

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