Heart defects could increase risk of severe COVID-19 | Health and medicine

Robert Preidt

MONDAY, March 7, 2022 (HealthDay News) — People born with a heart defect have a nearly doubled risk of serious illness or death from COVID-19 and should get vaccinated, wear masks and take other steps to protect themselves , researchers report.

According to the study, the patients most at risk of severe COVID-19 were aged 50 and older, men and those with other health conditions such as heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, Down, diabetes or obesity.

“People with heart defects should be encouraged to receive COVID-19 vaccines and boosters and continue to practice additional preventive measures for COVID-19, such as mask-wearing and physical distancing,” the statement said. study author, Karrie Downing. She is an epidemiologist with the US National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s COVID-19 Response Team.

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“People with heart defects should also consult with their healthcare teams about additional steps to manage personal risks from COVID-19, given the significantly increased risk of serious infection and serious complications,” Downing added. .

The study analyzed data on more than 235,600 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in the United States collected from March 2020 to January 2021. Of these patients, 0.2% had a congenital heart defect.

While 68% of COVID-19 patients with a heart defect also had at least one other health condition, the rate was 59% among those without a congenital heart defect.

The study found that 54% of people with congenital heart defects and 43% of those without defects were admitted to intensive care; 24% of people with congenital heart defects and 15% of those without defects needed a ventilator to breathe, and 11% of those with congenital heart defects and 7% of those without defects died during hospitalization .

Patients with congenital heart defects remained at high risk for severe COVID-19 even when categorized by age or other health conditions.

The results were published on March 7 in the journal Traffic.

“Further work is needed to identify why the clinical course of COVID-19 disease results in significantly worse outcomes for some hospitalized patients with critical COVID-19 disease risk factors, such as heart defects, and not for others. others,” Downing said in a newspaper. Press release.

There are more than a dozen types of congenital heart defects, which are the most common birth defects worldwide with a prevalence of 157 per 100,000 in 2017, according to the American Heart Association.

There’s more on congenital heart defects at the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

THE SOURCE: Trafficpress release, March 7, 2022

This article was originally published on consumer.healthday.com.