Controlling blood sugar soon after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes could prevent heart attacks

According to a new study from the University of Surrey, people with type 2 diabetes may need to lower their blood sugar sooner after diagnosis than previously thought, in order to prevent major cardiovascular events such as seizures. cardiac.

The Surrey study suggests that controlling blood sugar in the first year after diagnosis reduces the incidence of major cardiovascular events. In addition, the team also found that the more a patient’s blood levels varied 12 months after diagnosis, the more likely they were to experience dangerous cardiovascular events.

“Conventional wisdom has been to treat type 2 diabetes slowly and steadily with diet and increasing doses of medication over the years – the length of time it took people to lower their sugar levels after diagnosis. was considered less important for major vascular protection. However, our observational study suggests that bringing blood levels under control quickly – within the first 12 months of diagnosis – will significantly help reduce cardiovascular events.”

Dr Martin Whyte, study co-author and Reader in Metabolic Medicine at the University of Surrey

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes blood sugar levels to rise too high. The condition is linked to obesity or a family history of type 2 diabetes and can increase the risk of having serious health problems.

The University of Surrey study used the Royal College of General Practitioners Center for Research and Monitoring database to perform a comprehensive review of glycemic control achieved in the first year of diagnosis and subsequent variability of blood glucose with incidents of cardiovascular disease.

Source:

Journal reference:

Whyte, MB, et al. (2022) Early and continuous stable glycemic control is associated with reduced major adverse cardiovascular events in people with type 2 diabetes: a primary care cohort study. Diabetes, obesity and metabolism. doi.org/10.1111/dom.14705.