Blood sugar levels develop when your body’s cells are unable to absorb sugar (glucose) and use it for energy. As a result, excess sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Mismanaged diabetes can have catastrophic consequences, including damage to various organs and tissues in your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves.
Diabetes affects 34.2 million people of all ages in the United States, representing nearly one-tenth of the population. 7.3 million people aged 18 and over (about one in five people) are unaware that they also have diabetes (just under 3% of all American adults). Diabetes affects an increasing number of people as they age. More than 26% of people aged 65 and over (about 1 in 4) have some type of diabetes.
If you have diabetes, you know the importance of testing your blood sugar often. It’s even more important to check your blood sugar if you’re feeling sick or not following your usual routine. By checking your blood sugar regularly, you will be able to notice when your level is higher than normal and start treatment before it gets out of control. If you constantly suffer from high blood sugar, you should call your doctor immediately. Your blood sugar medication may need to be adjusted.
Blood Sugar Symptoms and Diagnosis
(A) Blood Sugar Symptoms
It is important to know the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. It is important to check your blood sugar before using machinery or driving. If you notice any of the symptoms, contact your health care provider immediately. If your symptoms persist for a long time, you should avoid driving and eat carbohydrates. If you are unable to reach your health care provider immediately, you should learn how to detect hypoglycemia and treat it yourself.
If it is possible to treat hypoglycaemia by drinking fruit juices or soft drinks, the risk of losing consciousness while driving is greater. Hypoglycemia can cause seizures, coma and even death if left untreated. The best way to treat low blood sugar is to eat a meal as soon as possible. However, if you don’t eat a meal before going to sleep, you may be suffering from a severe case.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia vary from person to person. For example, if you are hungry, you may experience a drop in your blood sugar. If you exercise without eating, you may have an irregular eating schedule. Although this condition is easily treated, it can become a chronic problem. When your blood sugar level drops too low, your brain is unable to produce enough insulin, which can lead to seizures and loss of consciousness.
(B) Treatment Options
If you suspect you have diabetes, you should see your doctor regularly to have your blood sugar checked. You should also monitor your blood sugar at home. You may need to test your blood sugar before you exercise or at least twice a day. Monitoring blood sugar involves using a small home device called a blood glucose meter. The device measures the amount of sugar in a drop of blood. It is important to keep records of your blood glucose readings so that you can report significant discrepancies to your doctor.
- Hypoglycemia, also called an insulin reaction or insulin shock, should be checked as soon as possible. The 15-15 rule cannot be used in this situation because the blood sugar level is too low to trigger the release of epinephrine, the “fight or flight” hormone. If your blood sugar is below 70 mg/dL, you should see a doctor. The treatment for hypoglycemia is different depending on the cause.
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- Type 2 diabetes is caused by a person’s inability to produce insulin. This excess sugar builds up in the body. Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, is an immune disorder that usually develops in adulthood. The good news is that doctors are now diagnosing younger people with type 2 diabetes. In fact, diabetes is one of the top 10 causes of death in the United States. Although uncontrolled blood sugar can harm the baby, it can also lead to serious health complications for the mother.
- A sudden drop in blood sugar, called hypoglycemia, is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes. This can happen because your insulin or diabetes medications don’t match your eating schedule. You might also feel tired or dizzy, or even pass out. In such cases, it is essential to contact a doctor as soon as you notice these symptoms. Your healthcare provider will prescribe pain medication or electrical nerve stimulation to help manage the pain.
- Some of the medications available to treat type 2 diabetes are insulin-based. These drugs are used to lower blood sugar and reduce the risk of heart failure. Another type of medication is metformin, which is available in pill form. Other types of medications include glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptors and agonists. For more complex cases, a combination of both types of drugs is used.
Medical tests | How to test for diabetes?
A blood sugar test may be ordered by your doctor to determine if you have impaired glucose tolerance. The test will determine the level of glucose in the blood. Carbohydrates found in meals such as cereals and fruits are converted into glucose by your body. Glucose, a sugar, is one of the body’s main sources of energy.
A home test can help diabetics check their blood sugar. A blood sugar test will help you assess your sugar levels and whether you need to change your diet, exercise routine, or diabetes medications. You can simply go here, to be tested. If left untreated, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can lead to seizures or coma. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) can have fatal consequences or even a life-threatening condition that is often of concern to people with type 2 diabetes.