Antacids and Heart Disease: Doctors Explain the Relationship | Health

Antacids are medicines that help neutralize acid in the stomach. Acid reflux is caused by reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus. This further causes burning pain in the chest. To counter this digestive disorder, many people prefer to consume antacids in order to neutralize the acid. However, the use of antacids has become fashionable lately. Speaking to HT Lifestyle, Dr. Jayesh Timane, HOD – Department of Internal Medicine and Critical Care, AOI from Nangia Specialty Hospital, Nagpur said, “For every symptom of heartburn, tightness, heartburn or stomach upset, popular antacids seem to be a common answer. Although generally considered safe, excessive, too long, too frequent, and overuse can lead to problems. There are emerging pleural concerns regarding the long-term use of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) antacids. It should be noted a risk of fracture, pneumonia, diarrhea, chronic kidney problems, hypomagnesemia, B 12 deficiency, memory problems, etc. Some common problems are abdominal pain, diarrhea and headaches.

He further added that antacids are linked to the onset of cardiovascular disease. Numerous reports have established a causal relationship between antacids and the heart – however, a definitive relationship remains to be proven.

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Dr. Sandeep Ghanta, MD, Internal Medicine, Citizens Specialty Hospital, Hyderabad further highlighted the relationship between heart problems and proton pump inhibitors – drugs used to reduce stomach acid made by mucosal glands stomach:

Increase in use: In the recent past, the use of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) antacids has increased and is among the top 10 commonly used prescribed drugs to treat heartburn, indigestion, acid reflux, and heartburn. other health problems.

Prolonged use: Prolonged use of PPIs causes various chronic health problems like increase in cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and many more. According to a recent study by Huston Methodists and Stanford University, adults who use proton pump inhibitors are 16-21% more likely to have a heart attack than people who don’t use antacid medications. .

Affect the endothelium“It has been identified that PPIs can negatively affect the endothelium of blood vessels, thereby increasing the risk of CVD. Patients who take antacids regularly should be monitored and only consume the drug on medical advice,” said Dr Sandeep Ghanta.