Heart disease, one of the leading causes of death in the modern world, continues to gain attention. Recalling that the World Health Organization (WHO) has set 2025 targets for the world to increase public awareness on the subject and reduce the numbers, cardiology specialist Dr. Çiğdem Koca said that with With these goals, it is expected to reduce the loss of life due to heart disease by at least 25 percent.
Many institutions around the world are continuing their efforts to reduce heart disease loss of life and to raise awareness. Dr. Çiğdem Koca, cardiology specialist from Yeditepe University Hospitals, explained the 7-step rule for preventing heart disease, recommended by the American Society of Cardiology, as one of the most important.
KEEP YOUR OPTIMUM WEIGHT, MOVE
Claiming that maintaining ideal weight, especially in young people, is a factor that reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, Uzm. Dr Çiğdem Koca said that the first thing to do for this is to act. Say that when leaving a sedentary lifestyle, 150-300 minutes of moderate weight exercise programs or 75-150 minutes of intense exercise programs per week are recommended. Koca said, “As we all know, obesity has been a big problem for developed and developing countries, especially in recent years. The increased incidence in young age groups and children also poses a risk for many diseases. In addition, maintaining the optimal weight of individuals will help reduce the risks that may develop in this direction. Cardiovascular disease is one of the most important of these diseases, ”he said.
MONITOR YOUR CHOLESTEROL AND BLOOD PRESSURE
Saying that individuals should also be aware of high cholesterol and high blood pressure (hypertension), Uzm. Dr Çiğdem Koca said: “We know from numerous studies carried out in Turkey and around the world that public awareness of blood pressure and cholesterol is quite low. In fact, both are issues that need to be monitored and treated appropriately in terms of heart disease and other possible negative effects. Therefore, it is beneficial for everyone to have their cholesterol and blood pressure checked regularly, whether or not they present a cardiovascular risk.
Explaining that everyone must have their cholesterol level checked once, especially after the age of 20, a precaution must be taken according to the necessary situation and the treatment must continue in this way. Dr Çiğdem Koca continued as follows:
“Raising awareness of cholesterol, taking the necessary health precautions and changing your lifestyle are very important in reducing the risk of cardiovascular health. Not only can we reduce this risk, but we can also ensure that possible diseases of the cardiovascular system are treatable and controllable with certain interventions, regardless of death or serious injury. Therefore, it is possible to reduce our risk of cardiovascular disease.
STOP SMOKING WITH YOUR LIFE
Recalling that smoking is a very serious cause of death worldwide and that around 9 million people have lost their lives due to smoking and smoking related reasons, Dr Çiğdem Koca said: “In addition, 1, 2 million of these people are affected by exposure to passive smoking. In addition, the gradual increase in smoking among young people and women has also caused a change in the profile of heart disease in societies. Today, heart disease is much more common among women and young people. Therefore, smoking is one of the 7 rules that can be corrected, ”he said.
FEED A FRIEND WITH YOUR HEART
Claiming that the content of what we eat and following a healthy diet are among the most discussed factors for reducing the risk of heart disease, Uzm. Dr Çiğdem Koca went on to say, “There are certain rules about this. For example, a Mediterranean diet would be a heart-friendly choice. However, in general, it is necessary to stay away from processed products such as salami and sausage, and to favor lower fat products in the consumption of animal feed. Following rules such as reducing the intake of carbohydrates and sugars, consuming fish 2 or more days per week, giving more room to green leafy vegetables, and taking care to eat fibrous products are some of the factors that reduce the risk of heart disease.
KEEP THE SUGAR IN THE BLOOD UNDER CONTROL
Cardiology specialist Dr. Yeditepe University Kozyatağı Hospital said diabetes mellitus, which paves the way for cardiovascular disease and can occur as a result of unhealthy lifestyle, should be noted. Çiğdem Koca said: “Our genetic predisposition affects the emergence and control of diabetes as well as environmental factors. Even though there is no diabetes in our family, there are some situations that can make us a candidate for diabetes, such as being overweight and having insulin resistance. An irregular diet containing carbohydrates and junk food, increased consumption of carbonated drinks and lack of exercise are among the factors that increase the risk. It is possible to return to the beginning of the path to diabetes and cardiovascular disease by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Especially if there is diabetes in our family, we must both have a healthy lifestyle and consult specialists for checks in order to control our risk. Even though we have diagnosed diabetes mellitus, it is very important to strictly adhere to our doctors’ recommendations and treatments for nutrition and movement in order to keep it under control.
A growing awareness of diabetes and good sugar regulation is a factor that can have very positive effects on our risk factors.